Relazione su invito
Ion sources physics, technology and related applications and developments.
Torrisi G., Mascali D. per i LNS and LNL Ion Sources groups
Electron Cyclotron Resonance based ion sources produce extremely intense (tens of mA) beams of light ions (p,d, He), and relevant currents of heavier elements (C, O, N, and up to Xe, Pb, U). R&D activities are fundamental for supporting hadron accelerators developments towards new ion species, including exotic beam productions, as well as higher energies and beam intensities. More recently, a revival of interest about these machines in fundamental research has come from the PANDORA project, that will be the first setup attempting nuclear decays measurements in stellar-like conditions. INFN has been playing an international leading role in ECR plasma research, both for ion sources and for fundamental studies, proposing innovative technological solutions and exploring plasma properties with unprecedented precision by a variety of diagnostics methods (interferopolarimeters, X-ray imaging, etc.). The gained experience has permitted to open other interdisciplinary links with, $e.g.$, thermonuclear fusion: electromagnetic plasma heating systems and the diagnostics methods are providing valuable synergies with the DTT (Divertor Tokamak Test) project.